Paris Therapy Services

A Listing of English-Speaking Mental Health
Practitioners Providing Counseling and
Psychotherapy in the Paris Area
and Environs

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Psychotherapeutic Terms
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Glossary of Psychotherapeutic Terms
Below you will find definitions of terms, techniques and therapy approaches. The practitioner profile pages link to this glossary each time a term is used. The links below are reserved for particular specialties, but in no way exclude other techniques used by the practitioner.

Alexander Technique - Alexander Technique

The Alexander Technique is a method that works to change (movement) habits in our everyday activities. It is a simple and practical method for improving ease and freedom of movement, balance, support and coordination.

Bonding Psychotherapy - Bonding Psychotherapy

Bonding Psychotherapy, based on the work of the late Daniel Casriel, makes use of everyone's need for physical closeness and emotional openness to encourage the intense expression of emotion. This allows the emergence of unconscious negative self-defining attitudes, which are then positively restructured, leading to a greater sense of well being.

See: Jill Bourdais

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy - Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

Depressed or anxious people often frame as truth a world view which is rooted in personal feelings rather than in reality. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy challenges these interpretations and helps clients develop new thoughts and interactions.

D.I.R. Approach - D.I.R. Approach

The D.I.R. approach was developed by Drs. Stanley Greenspan, M.D. and Serena Weider, PhD. It involves meeting the child at their current developmental level and building upon the particular strengths of the child. The model focuses on developing a solid developmental foundation from which the child can learn.

See: Melinda Fogel

EMDR Trauma Resolution - EMDR Trauma Resolution

EMDR stands for Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprogramming and consists of bilateral ocular, auditory or tactile stimulation leading to rapid resolution of symptoms linked to past events.

This is a highly effective means of addressing and resolving difficult experiences in the past which have limited a client's capacity to realize life goals. It is particularly successful in reaching areas which have been avoided by providing a non-intrusive method of coming to peace with the issues. In France, this work has been popularized by Dr. David Servan-Schreiber in his book Guerir as well as his many television appearances.

See: Debra Berg, Rachel Zahn, Anne Hald-McLean

Ericksonian Hypnotherapy - Ericksonian Hypnotherapy

Dr. Milton Erickson pioneered the concept of 'indirect hypnosis'. Through the therapist's use of special language skills, the client's conscious mind can be bypassed and indirect suggestions made to the unconscious mind leading to a long-lasting and beneficial effect.

See: Marion Blumen

Ericksonian Hypnotherapy - Ethnopsychiatry

A branch of clinical psychology developed in France by Georges Devereux and Tobie Nathan. It is a methodology and clinical (treatment) approach that combines anthropology and clinical psychology. Allows an in-depth exploration of how culture molds individual and collective psychology, psychopathology, relationships and family dynamics in order to develop innovative approaches to treatment.

See: Anne Belgram Perkins

Expressive Therapies - Expressive Therapies

Expressive therapies emphasize creative and nonverbal modalities (ex: art, role-playing, movement, focusing) to draw out a client's creative problem solving potential and other resources. These techniques can be particularly helpful with blockages.

See: Elizabeth Feld

Gestalt Therapy - Gestalt Therapy

Gestalt therapy is a psychology and method with a rich and unique view of everyday life, the depths and difficulties which life encompasses. Gestalt intervention defines, clarifies, and resolves inner conflicts between the authentic self and the non-constructive and often abusive inner critic. It was developed by Dr. Fritz Perls and was considered a groundbreaking methodology during the 1970's.

Holistic Hypnotherapy - Holistic Hypnotherapy

Holistic Hypnotherapy is an inner spiritual journey to connect with one's essence and the wise Higher Self for guidance, healing and truth. It has a broad range of applications and is also called Soul-Centered Hypnotherapy and Heart-Centered Hypnotherapy. Works at a profound level to resolve emotional, spiritual, psychological and physical issues.

See: Jane Grey

Integral Psychology - Integral Psychology

Integral Psychology seeks to address issues occurring on all levels of our being, body, mind, soul, spirit and our relationship to the world around us. Because it is not limited to cognitive or behavioral aspects of self, but places a strong emphasis on spirituality, it therefore creates true and lasting transformation.

Integrative Therapy - Integrative Therapy

Integrative Psychotherapy takes into account many views of human functioning. The psychodynamic, client-centered, behaviorist, cognitive, family therapy, Gestalt therapy, body-psychotherapies, object relations theories, psychoanalytic self psychology, and transactional analysis approaches are all considered within a dynamic systems perspective. Each provides a partial explanation of behavior and each is enhanced when selectively integrated with other aspects of the therapist's approach.

See: Sophie Marzin

Integrative Psychotherapy brings together ideas from many schools of psychotherapy to find the "common factors" which lead to therapeutic change and growth.

Intercultural Communication - Intercultural Communication
Intercultural communication is an interdisciplinary methodology which tracks patterns of difficulties occurring between peoples of different cultural backgrounds as they interact with their new environment or even within their own families during relocation to foreign countries. These difficulties affect relationships as well as the success or failure of international management projects. Often the "trailing spouse" is the one who experiences the most difficulty, having to cope with an entirely new environment with neither professional nor social anchors.
Mediation - Mediation

Mediation is a method of conflict resolution that seeks to reach decisions satisfactory to both parties. As an alternative to the adversarial system in case of divorce or separation, it can help reduce the emotional upheaval for the couple and the children and lay the basis for putting in place the new family constellation. Mediation, practiced by counselors, lawyers and therapists, has longed existed in other countries and is now being given legal recognition in France.

See: Suzanne Sacks

Minnesota Model - Minnesota Model

The Minnesota Model is a multidisciplinary approach for chemical dependency utilizing the 12 steps program of recovery of AA / NA as well as group and individual therapy, treating individuals with dignity to help them heal physically, mentally and spiritually.


Neuro Conditioning (NAC) - Neuro Associate Conditioning (NAC)

The “Mastery System” is an empowering coaching and motivational methodology created by the world famous coach Anthony Robbins, author of the best sellers “Unlimited power” and “ Awaken the Giant Within” .This method helps people to overcome procrastination, deal with rejection, failure, and motivate themselves and others to create an impelling future.


Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) - Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)

This powerful therapeutical and self-developement methodology was created in the early 1970's by Richard Bandler and John Grinder. It is the science of subjective experience (“no one perceives the world objectively, but through the filters of their personal experiences and learnings, coded (neuro-programmed) in their brains”) . Some of those “learned programs” (behavioral patterns, beliefs) are enhancing, others are limiting. Decoding verbal and non verbal “language” helps to achieve maximum results in minimum time. Unlike most therapeutic approaches, NLP was not born from studying pathology but from modeling the “excellence” of well known psychotherapists, namely Fritz Pearls, Milton Erickson, Virginia Satir. NLP can help you clear the past, break old patterns, reframe inner resistances, transform your dreams into specific achievable outcomes, enhance your relational skills and communication (with others and self). The “echology check” takes care of balance and consequences before any important change. NLP is a very creative approach, in constant evolution, among which visualization, metaphors, timeline therapy, etc. , help people become creative as well, with their own resources.

See: Marion Blumen

Person Centered Therapy - Person Centered TherapyIn the person centered approach, founded by Carl Rogers (1902 - 1987) the importance of the therapist's sensitivity in tuning into the person's inner world and the quality of the therapeutic relationship are central in offering the conditions for encouraging the growth of the person's own inner resources.
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy - Psychodynamic

Psychodynamic psychotherapy is insight oriented, face-to-face psychotherapy based on psychoanalytic principles.

See: Joanna Kaluzinska

Explores connections between early life experiences and present issues or concerns; creates opportunities for “corrective experiences” to promote growth and healing; encourages increased self-awareness and self-acceptance.

See: Robert Matta

Rebirthing - Rebirthing

Powerful yet gentle personal transformation technique based on the breath. Very useful for opening up and releasing blockages on all levels of our being: body, emotions and mind.

See: Margot Esther Borden

Relational Psychotherapy - Relational Psychotherapy

Not a specific theory or technique, the term "relational" refers to a perspective or way of thinking that appreciates the central role of relationships with others in the development of individual experiences and psychological states and traits. A relationally-based psychotherapeutic approach is one that explores psychotherapeutic change through an evolving relationship between therapist and client.

See: Claire Finney

Systemics - Systemics

Systemics is an approach to human dynamics and relationships that considers the individual within his/her family and social context in order to avoid reductive views of behavior. Systemics is a rich source for dealing with couple and family problems, and is now being applied to the work place. In individual therapy, focus on the systemic web rather than on the intrapsychic dimension also encourages creative thinking about problems.

Trauma Therapy - Trauma Therapy

Deals with the short and long-term consequences from past trauma by establishing a sense of safety, from where to explore and gain new insights into the past, so that past trauma can be reintegrated in a way which frees the individual from the symptoms suffered.

Twelve Step Programs - Twelve Step Programs12 step programs provide a structure and a human support system for treating addictions and other disorders. Working through the steps (rigorously examining positive and negative life experiences), attending regular meetings, and sharing with others who are struggling with similar issues all help people relinquish destructive behavior patterns. Additional support is obtained by choosing a sponsor (someone who has been in the program a little longer) to call upon or report to when needed.
Visualization Techniques - Visualization Techniques

When visualization is used, the individual enters a state of relaxation, and, through internal images, guided by the therapist, mobilizes his or her own resources to deal with the particular problem.


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